This new edition continues to emphasize the use of data envelopment analysis (DEA) to create optimization-based benchmarks within hospitals, physician group practices, health maintenance organizations, nursing homes and other health care delivery organizations. Suitable for graduate students learning DEA applications in health care as well as for practicing administrators, it is divided into two sections covering methods and applications. Section I considers efficiency evaluations using DEA; returns to scale; weight restricted (multiplier) models; non-oriented or slack-based models, including in this edition two versions of non-controllable variable models and categorical variable models; longitudinal (panel) evaluations and the effectiveness dimension of performance evaluation. A new chapter then looks at new and advanced models of DEA, including super-efficiency, congestion DEA, network DEA, and dynamic network models. Mathematical formulations of various DEA models are placed in end-of-chapter appendices. Section II then looks at health care applications within particular settings, chapter-by-chapter, including hospitals, physician practices, nursing homes and health maintenance organizations (HMOs). Other chapters then explore home health care and home health agencies; dialysis centers, community mental health centers, community-based your services, organ procurement organizations, aging agencies and dental providers; DEA models to evaluate provider performance for specific treatments, including stroke, mechanical ventilation and perioperative services. A new chapter then examines international-country-based applications of DEA in health care in 16 different countries, along with OECD and multi-country studies. Most of the existing chapters in this section were expanded with recent applications. Included with the book is online access to a learning version of DEA Solver software, written by Professor Kaoru Tone, which can solve up to 50 DMUs for various DEA models listed in the User's Guide at the end of the book.
This book provides label converters and industry suppliers with information about the environment, sustainability, climate change and waste debate as it affects the label industry, and reviews the legislation, guidelines, directives, protocols and industry initiatives that have been introduced over the past decade. It sets out guidance on how the converter or supplier can establish an environmental management system, implement ISO 14000, EMAS, LIFE or supplier scorecard programs in the areas of materials selection and usage, production performance, carbon emissions, waste management and disposal, life cycle assessment, transport and distribution, and concludes with a chapter on retailer and end-user considerations. Throughout the book there are guideline environmental policy statements that the converter can adapt and use, case study examples of how companies are meeting environment and sustainability challenges, together with flow charts, diagrams and other illustrations that help to analyse and explain environmental solutions. It is hoped that this book will guide the industry towards a more sustainable and hopefully more profitable future. Chapters include:
Effective irrigation and drainage systems are essential if growing demands for water resources are to be met. For the use of water for irrigation to be improved we must understand current levels of performance. This book draws together the growing body of knowledge on irrigation and drainage performance assessment that has been gained over the last twenty years. It provides guidelines for practitioners to enable them to design and carry out performance assessment and implement performance-based management. Developed by a working group of the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) it provides a generic framework for performance assessment with guidance on the theory and practice of how to audit and assess the performance of irrigation and drainage schemes.
Fans of How to Train Your Dragon will love this whimsical tale, the first in a series, by a Newbery Honor winner, featuring charming illustrations and pet "training tips" in each chapter. Crusty dragon Miss Drake has a new pet human, precocious Winnie. Oddly enough, Winnie seems to think Miss Drake is her pet a ridiculous notion! Unknown to most of its inhabitants, the City by the Bay is home to many mysterious and fantastic creatures, hidden beneath the parks, among the clouds, and even in plain sight. And Winnie wants to draw every new creature she encounters: the good, the bad, and the ugly. But Winnie s sketchbook is not what it seems. Somehow, her sketchlings have been set loose on the city streets! It will take Winnie and Miss Drake s combined efforts to put an end to the mayhem . . . before it s too late. This refreshing debut collaboration by Laurence Yep, a two-time Newbery Honor winner and a Laura Ingalls Wilder Award winner, and Joanne Ryder features illustrations by Mary GrandPre. Praise for A Dragon's Guide to the Care and Feeding of Humans* Warm humor, magical mishaps, and the main characters budding mutual respect and affection combine to give this opener for a planned series a special shine. Booklist, Starred Aternately comical, suspenseful and sometimes sweetly emotional. Kirkus Reviews With a black-and-white spot illustration opening most chapters, an engaging narrator, and a consistently fluid writing style, this title makes a fine dragon choice for readers. School Library Journal In this series launch, Yep and Ryder conjure up a world where dragons and humans interact, and the results are heartwarming and quite funny. Publishers Weekly A clever and amusing novel that imagines a magical world that nestles right up against our own and sometimes crosses over. The Bulleting of the Center for Children s Books Praise for A Dragon s Guide to Making Your Human Smarter"Yep and Ryder keep the magic coming with their whimsical fantasy, enhanced by Grandpre's sweet drawings. The story positively vibrates with fun." Kirkus Reviews "Lighthearted episodes of unusual school lessons and field trips, illustrated by GrandPre s winsome spot art, are grounded by Miss Drake s more serious encounters with the goons...a gratifying development as this buoyant, fantastical series continues." The Horn Book Review From the Hardcover edition."
This book is about efficient communication. The role of communication, as a means for the transmission of information among people, is one of the key factors driving the development of our civilization. There are numerous examples where new achievements in the communi cations area had a crucial impact on our society. The human language can be considered as one of the first steps for the efficient delivery of informa tion between people. Similarly, the influence of other milestones like written communication, bookprinting, telegraphy and the telephone and television system was essential. Facilities for quickly accessing existing information and for the fast delivery of information have become one of the most important economical factors nowadays. Clearly, fulfilling the ever-increasing demand for fast, cheap and reliable communications represents itself an important industry, leading to substan tial technical achievements in this area. After only being used by an "infor mation elite" in the beginning, developments like the telephone system and the Internet quickly spread and are now widely accepted, as witnessed by the ubiquitous presence of mobile phones and Internet applications like the World Wide Web."
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